Occupational therapy Values and Beliefs
About occupation, we believe that:
- Occupation gives meaning to life;
- Occupation is an important determinant of health, well-being, and justice;
- Occupation organizes behaviour;
- Occupation develops and changes over a lifetime;
- Occupation shapes and is shaped by environments;
- Occupation has therapeutic potential.
About the person, we believe that:
- Humans are occupational beings;
- Every person is unique;
- Every person has intrinsic dignity and worth;
- Every person has the right to make choices about life;
- Every person has the right to self-determination;
- People have some ability to participate in occupations;
- People have some potential to change;
- People are social and spiritual beings;
- People have diverse abilities for participating in occupations;
- People shape and are shaped by their environments.
About the environment, we believe that:
- The environment includes cultural, institutional, physical, and social components;
- The environment influences choice, organization, performance, and satisfaction in occupations.
About health, well-being, and justice, we believe that:
- Health is more than the absence of disease;
- Health is strongly influenced by having choice and control in everyday occupations;
- Health has personal dimensions associated with spiritual meaning and satisfaction in occupations, and it has social dimensions associated with fairness and equitable opportunity in occupations;
- Well-being extends beyond health to quality of life;
- Justice concerns are for meaningful choice and social inclusion, so that all people may participate as fully as possible in society.
About client-centred practice, we believe that:
- Clients are experts regarding their own occupations;
- Clients must be active partners in the occupational therapy process.
(Enabling Occupation II, CAOT 2007, p. 3-4, adapted from Enabling Occupation, CAOT, 1997, 2002, p. 31)
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